Microsoft Word provides me with four definitions of the word overwhelm: 1. overpower somebody emotionally, 2. provide somebody with a huge amount, 3. overcome somebody physically, and 4. surge over somebody or something. A quick online search reveals the original meaning, dating back to the 14th century, was “to turn upside down, to overthrow,” which I much prefer, as it implies conquest and action.
From the sundial to the atomic clock, humans have been obsessed with measuring the passage of time. Philosophically controversial, the idea that a sequence of events takes place, one after the other, and that we can accurately use the terms before and after have given time the status of a dimension. Physicists often use the term “spacetime continuum” to put their theories in context.